Thyroid, located right below Adam’s apple in the neck, is a butterfly-shaped gland that is a prestige part of the complex network of organs named as the endocrine system. While the endocrine system is accountable for synchronizing multiple body’s activities, the sole function of the thyroid gland is to release the thyroid hormone.
Thyroid hormones regulate the complete metabolism process of the body, and hence a disturbance in it can give birth to numerous severe ailments. Here are types of thyroid disorders.
Commonly known as hypothyroidism, it is a chronic ailment that can occur at any age. The illness onsets when the immune system of the body destroys the thyroid gland, and hence, its ability to release thyroid hormone has completely tampered. People with a mild case of hypothyroidism may not show obvious symptoms, but those with severe temperament may end up exhibiting various symptoms.
Named after the doctor, who first revealed it, it is a common form of overactive thyroid or hyperthyroidism. It is an autoimmune disorder that strikes when the immune system of the body attacks the thyroid gland, and hence, results in overproduction of thyroid hormone. With a high level of thyroid within the blood stream, the body may show symptoms such as.
A noncancerous result of the thyroid gland, goiter is common worldwide and is considered mainly an outcome of iodine deficiency within the body. Goiter can affect at any age but is common in people above 40. Medical history, pregnancy, radiation exposure and usage of certain medication are the major risk factors for this illness. Mild goiter cases may not reveal any symptoms, while complex goiter cases may show up with symptoms.
A thyroid disorder can also lead to another acute ailment known as Thyroid Nodules. The nodules are the growth form in or on in the thyroid gland. The primary cause of this illness is however not known, but it is witnessed that it can be cancerous in nature in the small fraction of cases. The risks associated with thyroid nodules may increase with age. Thyroid nodules does not unveil any symptoms, but if they grow large enough then they can lead to some symptoms.
Each thyroid disorder is different, and hence, the treatment options for each also differs. It is essential to visit a specialist, go for proper diagnosis and stick to the treatment.